Many people in Nigeria today have little or no idea about this deadly virus “Hepatitis B”. Research, however, has shown that due to lack of proper medical sensitization some people have died and many are living with this virus knowingly and unknowingly which is very risky for people in the society.
Hepatitis B which is a viral infection that attacks the liver and also causes both chronic and acute diseases. This virus affects the liver and causes it to malfunction. It is often transmitted from mother to child during childbirth and can also be contacted through blood or other body fluids.
Hepatitis B can be contacted through blood or other fluids like; sharing needles, Syringe, toothbrush, razor, nail file, sexual intercourse among others. A mother with this virus can transmit it to the baby if there is no precautionary measure to vaccinate the baby on time. Moreso, a child with this virus can easily infect another child who is not vaccinated through uncovered cuts or sores.
With regards to Hepatitis B symptoms, most people have no sign nor symptoms and don’t feel sick. Although, symptoms might come in various forms like; vomiting, fever, loss of appetite, dark urine, pain under the rib, joint pain, Jaundice (yellow eyes), among others. So, the only ideal way that is generally accepted in checking one’s status is through blood test.
In the forms of its occurrence, there are cases wherein most adults with strong anti-bacteria, the body fights it within six months on contacting it and gets rid of it completely. Nonetheless, there are also some cases where for both adult and children, the body cannot fight it completely or fight it at all. And in such cases, where the virus remains in the body it’s known as “Chronic hepatitis B” which can result to liver damage or cancer.
Finally, in view of preventing the deadly virus Hepatitis B, If the status is negative after the blood test, vaccination is the best way to stop it from spreading. It is very safe and its protection capacity guarantees more than 95% of its efficiency and effectiveness. On the contrary, if tested positive, it is advisable to see a doctor (specialist) for counseling and proper check-up with medication.
In Africa especially Nigeria, there is the need for improved Sensitization of this Hepatitis B virus and it should be taken seriously too. People should be sensitized to stay away from whatever may cause damage to the liver and their health in general for prevention is better than cure. Hence, this sensitization campaign should also reach the “length and breathe” of the society, starting from schools, market places, social gatherings, seminars, Churches, Mosques and in both urban and rural areas for a healthy society.