Prof. Attahiru Jega, former chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) on Friday advised the 9th Assembly to adopt electronic voting for effective monitoring of bills and motions.
Jega gave the advice at the presentation of the Scorecard of the 8th National Assembly sponsored by YIAGA Africa Centre for Legislative Engagement in Abuja.
He said that the advice followed a study of the performance of the 8th assembly by a team of researchers who observed among other things that the technology used by the National Assembly had been there for 30 years.
“The National Assembly should adopt electronic voting on bills and motions; voting records should be available to members of the public on all National Assembly online and offline channels.
“It is important for the National Assembly to maintain an updated open and accessible Bills Progression Chart to enable legislators, legislative aides and other stakeholders track or monitor the progress of bills passage.
“The National Assembly should maintain an accessible database of assented and gazetted legislation passed by the legislature.
“Our research also showed that the 8th assembly did more than any previous assembly in terms of introducing about 2,166 bills, out of which 515 were passed and 21 were alteration bills.”
Jega further said that the work was commendable but not enough to produce bills, adding that there was the need to also pay attention to the quality of bills as many of them were not assented to.
He said that the research showed that there was room for improvement with regard to the quality of the bills produced.
“There is a need to pay attention to the quality of bills that are introduced, so we strongly recommend an establishment of a mechanism for pre-legislative scrutiny, so that bills can be scrutinized.
“Then a situation where a bill can go to the president and return for inconsistencies or editorial work and so on will not even arise.
Jega called on the Assembly to consider creating a Legislative Standards Committee to oversee the pre-legislative scrutiny process and also establish a monitoring mechanism to monitor the implementation of bills in MDAs.
He also advised it to entrench Pre-Legislative Scrutiny as a norm for all proposed legislation, whether executive or private member bills.
The former INEC chairman said with this, legislative proposals would be enriched as a result of consultations with practitioners, experts, and all other stakeholders.
He said that in order to improve the quality of legislative oversight, the assembly should establish a minimum benchmark or targets for committees to catalyze activism and guide their performance level.
Jega said that legislative committees should uphold the principles of integrity, professionalism, transparency and mutual respect in the performance of oversight functions.
He also urged the National assembly to prioritize adequate funding for committees, which is pivotal to effective legislation and oversight.
Jega also called on the assembly to ensure transparency and accountability for funds allocated to committees.
He also advised the assembly to establish constituency offices, and where they exist, they should improve the engagement of the offices because research indicated that legislators were not in touch with their constituents.